A(θ) [1,23]:

A(θ) = π, (3.1)

R = R0/k .


A(θ) = 3,14= 0,105

[1,23] :

B(θ) = 0,88; D(θ) = 2,45; F(θ) = 7,51; H(θ) = 8700; θ = 36,50.


Ѡ E2 [1,24]:

E2 = B(θ)U0, (3.2)

E2 = 0,8860 = 52,8 .

I2 :

I2 = D(θ)I.v, (3.3)

I.v = = 15 .

I2 = 2,4515 = 51,79 .

C0 :

C0 = (), (3.4)

C0 = = 6184,83

:

I.v = k.vI.v = D(θ) I.v, (3.5)


I.v = 2,4515 = 36,75 .


蠠 e2(wt), u0(wt), U0, i2(wt), i.v(wt), I.v, I.v .



4.


ࠠ , - , Ѡ E2, I0 , f1 , 2.1, LS, U0γ ℓ = 5% .

:

1. .

2. γ, U0γ , I2γ, , I.v I.v .

3. ( , 1) Ѡ e2, u0γ ( U0γ γ), i2 ( I2γ, γ, ).

 








4.1 -

-



[1,26]:

γ = arcos(1-2ωLsI0/E2m.), (4.1)

E2m. ,

E2m. = E2m = E2 = 94,2 ;

LS .

LS [1,26]:

U0γ = U0xx (R +ωLS)I0 , (4.2)

U0xx = U0 = 60 ;

R = 0;

ℓ %= %, (4.3)

(4.3) (4.2), LS, :

LS = , (4.4)

LS = = 0,001 LS = 1 .

γ

γ = arccos(1-223,14500,00130/94,2) = arccos(0,8) ≈ 36,87 . .

(4.3):

U0γ = U0(1-ℓ%/100) = 60(1-5/100) = 57

I2γ [1,28]:

I2γ = , (4.5)

= 42,43 ;

= 0,988 [1,28].

I2γ = 42,430,988 = 41,92 .

Iγ :

Iγ = , (4.6)

Iγ = = 14,25 .

I.v:

I.v = , (4.7)

I.v = = 29,64 .

蠠 e2(wt), u0γ(wt), U0γ, i2(wt), I2γ .


5.


. , , . .

 







5.1

  (. .2.1) ( ). α 0,7U0 Ѡ e2 E2min = 0,75E2 E2max = 1,1E2 ( E2 U0 , 2.1).

:

1. ( ) .

2. αmin αmax k(1) .

3. .

4. ( , 1) Ѡ e2 U/0α E2min E2max ( 0,7U0 αmin αmax).








5.2 -


[1,35]:

α = , (5.1)

, :

α = = 0 . .

[1,35]:

U*0α = U0, (5.2)

U*0α ,

U*0α = 0,7U0 ;

, :

α = arcsin(-0,721+1)+π/2 = -23,58 + 90 = 66,42 . .

min . αmin , U*0α = 0,7U0/0,75. α = 0, αmin (5.2):

αmin = arcsin(-0,721/0,75+1)+π/2 = -60,07 + 90 = 29,93 . .

αmin αmax , U*0α = 0,7U0/1,1.

αmax = arcsin(-0,721/1,1+1)+π/2 = -15,83 + 90 = 74,17 . .

[1,40]:

k(1) = , (5.3)

α = αmax

;

= = 1,892

:

=, (5.4)

L0 , L0 = 0,002 (. 4.2);

=1,892 = 1,602.

Ѡ :

E2m min = ξϷE2m, (5.5)

E2m max = ξ̷E2m, (5.6)

ξ ξ ,

Ѡ

E2,

ξ = 1,1 ξ = 0,75;

E2m min = 0,7566,61 = 70,65 ,

E2m max = 1,166,61 = 103,62 .

蠠 e2(wt), u0α(wt) E2min E2max , .


.


(5.2) .

 














5.3 .



  . , kg, . Uα, U0α.   U2 min = ξϷE2 U2 max = ξmE2젠 0,7U0.

g = U Uα = kgU0α Uα. , . . β(t) - , , Ӡ , g(t) . g(t) , β(t) .









 

6.


:

1. 1, 5. U.v Rgv ՠ .

2. P.v K2,T . , P.v K2,T .

3. Ѡ E2, U0 I0 - . . .



I. U.max.

I. ≥ I.v / KI (6.1)

U.max ≥ Umax.v / KU


KI, KU , KI = KU = (0,7÷0,8).

I.v / KI Umax.v / KU , I.v = 15 Umax.v = 94,2   1-4. 젠 KI = KU = 0,75.

I.v / KI = 15/0,75 = 20 ,

Umax.v / KU = 94,2/0,75 = 125,6 .


2-25 (212-25-200). 2 [1,103].

2 2-25

I,

U,

∆U,  

Umax,

, 2 Tp-n=1400C t=10

25

200

0,5

5

2320


I.vs / KI Umax.vs / KU , I.vs = 0,7I.v = 10,5 ( U*0α = 0,7U0) Umax.vs = E2mmax = 103,62   5.

I.vs / KI = 10,5/0,75 = 14 ,

Umax.vs / KU = 103,62/0,75 = 138,16 .


T-25 (212-16-200). 3 [1,107].

3 T-25

,

,

∆U, ( )

,

, 2 Tp-n=1400C t=10

25(16)

200

1

10

2000


U.v Rgv ՠ .

U.v = ∆U = 0,5  

U.vs = ∆U = 1  

Rgv = ∆U / I, (6.2)

I , .


Rgv = 0,5 /25 = 0,02

Rgvs = 1 / 25 = 0,04


P.v [1,16].

P.v = (U.vI.v + I2.v Rgv)n, (6.3)

n , n = 4 .


P.v = 4(0,515+(23,55)20,02) = 74,37 ,

P.v = 4(0,515+(15)20,02) = 48 - ,

P.v = 4(0,515+(36,75)20,02) = 138,05 - .


K2,T [1,8].

K2,T = , (6.4)


K2,T = = 0,812 ,

K2,T = = 0,637 - ,

K2,T = = 0,658 - .


, , .


Ѡ E2, U0 I0 - . [1,26].

U0 = , (6.5)


LS , LS = 0,001 (. .15),

R , R = 2/15 (. .12).

= = 60 + ()30 = 67 .

E2/U0 = 1,11/ηa [1,18], ηa = 1

E2 = 1,11 = 1,1167 = 74,37 .


Ġ

η = , (6.6)

P.- , ,

P.- = m2I22R , (6.7)

R , ,

R = R p Rgv, (6.8)


η = = 0,91 ,

η = = 0,893 - ,

η = = 0,822 - .


U1 = 220 , U2 = 74,37 S.

[1,8]

S = 0,5(S1 + S2), (6.9)

S1, S2 , ,

S1 = m1U1I1,

S2 = m2U2I2, (6.10)

U2 = 74,37 (. ),

I2 = 41,42 (. .15),

I1

, (6.11)

I1 = I2 = 41,42 = 14,01 .

S1 = S2 =122014 = 3080 ·

-4,0-5 [2] S = 4,0 ·, 젠 ࠠ 頠 U = 220   蠠 젠 ࠠ 頠 蠠 젠 U = 115 .

, C0 = 6185 . C0 = 6185 ,  ࠠ -50-24-63-1000- 𠠠 -50-24-63-2200- [3].


 蠠 . P.

P = , (6.12)

η ,

[4] 4-1324 P = 2,36 , U = 110 , I = 25,4 , η = 80%, n = 1500 /.

:

P = = 2250

, .

7.


  1-3 Electronics Workbench 5.12 :

1. , U0, E2, I0, I.v, I1 .

2. u0(t), e2(t), i.v(t) u.v(t) .

 


-


-



















8.



8.1.


.

.

:


Ø    QF1;

Ø    TV;

Ø    FU3 FU4;

Ø    KM;

Ø    RS;

Ø    SB;

Ø    U;

Ø    G;

Ø    .


U = 220 , f = 50 , QF1, , . . QF2, , . .





8.1 - ࠠ






























() . HL1 HL2.

0 60   1,8 .

, , , , , . TV, , .

: , , .

  VS1, VS2, VS3 VS4, TV - . Ӡ .
















蠠 頠 e2(wt), u0(wt), i2(wt), iVD1(wt).











































e2(wt), u0(wt), U0(wt), i0(wt), i0,(wt), i0,(wt), i2(wt), I0(wt).




















































e2(wt), U0(wt), 2θ, i.v(wt), I.v(wt), , I.v(wt), i2(wt), I2(wt).





















































e2(wt), u0,γ(wt), ( U0,γ γ) ivd2(wt), ivd1(wt),I2,γ(wt).





















































e2(wt), u*0,α(wt), ( 0,7U0, αmin, αmax) E2mmin E2mmax.





















































 

. . .

, :

- ,

.

- .

- .



















1.     .. .: . : - , 2000 .

2.     .: 3- . .2. ./ . .. . 9- ., . . .: , 2003. 715 .: .

3.     , , , , [] : . / . . , . . , . . , . . . - . - . - : , 1994. - . - 591 . : .

4.     (#"#">http://reference.elp.ru/1/4/1/_elektrodvigateli_4PBM132


: 1, 2






           

2009 .